Orphanage tourism refers to the practice of visiting or volunteering in orphanages, often in developing countries, with the intention of helping vulnerable children. However, it can lead to the exploitation and trafficking of children, known as orphanage modern slavery. This form of child trafficking and modern slavery falls predominantly under Sustainable Development Goals 8 (decent work and economic growth) and 16 (peace, justice, and strong institutions). Orphanage trafficking involves recruiting or transferring children into residential care institutions for the purpose of exploitation and profit. Orphanage tourism and funding undermine care reform efforts, making it crucial for governments to work together to combat this issue under the framework of international cooperation.